IN THE BOYS' CLUB: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE ROLES OF WOMEN IN THE INDONESIAN CINEMA 1926-MAY 1998

Grace Swestin




Abstract


Artikel ini mendeskripsikan peran perempuan dalam perfilman Indonesia sejak berdirinya pada tahun 1926 hingga masa sebelum lahirnya perfilman Indonesia generasi baru. Melalui sebuah tinjauan historis, peran perempuan dibagi menjadi dua bagian. Pertama adalah peran mereka di balik layar film, baik sebagai sutradara dan produser maupun dalam lembaga-lembaga yang terkait dengan industry dan regulasi perfilman. Kedua, artikel ini memaparkan bagaimana perempuan direpresentasikan di dalam cerita dan plot film-film yang diproduksi sebelum masa reformasi. Peneliti menemukan bahwa peran perempuan dalam perfilman Indonesia di masa ini, secara keseluruhan masih berada di bawah bayang-bayang dominasi tokoh-tokoh laki-laki. Hal tersebut terutama disebabkan karena sedikitnya jumlah perempuan yang memegang posisi pengambilan keputusan baik secara artistik maupun industrial.


Keywords


Indonesian cinema, women and cinema, jistorical review

References


Aripurnami, S. 1996. A feminist comment on the sinetron representation of Indonesian women. In L.J. Sears (Ed.), Fantasizing the feminine in Indonesia (pp. 249-258). London: Duke University Press.

Brenner, S. 1999. On the public intimacy of the New Order: Images of women in the popular Indonesian print media [Electronic version]. Indonesia, (67), 13-39. [CrossRef]

Gregory, M. 2002. Women who Run the Show. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Hatley, B. 2002. Literature, mythology and regime change; some observations on recent Indonesian women‘s writings. In Robinson, K.M. & Bessell, S. (Eds.), Women in Indonesia; Gender, Equity and Development (pp.130-143). Instiute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Heider, K.G. 1991. Indonesian cinema: National culture on screen. Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press.

Hellwig, T. 1994 Female Authors: Developments in the 1970s. In In the Shadow of Change: Images of Women in Indonesians Literature.

Kristanto, J.B. 2004. Nonton Film Nonton Indonesia. Jakarta: Kompas

Kristanto, J.B. 2005. Katalog Film Indonesia 1926-2005. Jakarta: Nalar

Kristanto, J.B. 2007. Katalog Film Indonesia 1926-2007. Jakarta: Nalar

Kristanto, J.B. 2008. Katalog Film Indonesia 1926-2008. Jakarta: Nalar

Oey-Gardiner, M. 2002. And the winner is … Indonesian women in public life. In K. Robinson & S. Bessell (Eds.), Women in Indonesia: Gender, equity and development (pp.100 -112). Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Robinson & S. Bessell 2002. Women in Indonesia: Gender, equity and development. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Sen, K. 1994. Indonesian cinema: Framing the New Order. London & New Jersey: Zed Books.

Showalter, Elaine, ed. 1971. Women's Liberation and Literature. New YorK: Basic Books.

Suryakusuma, J. I. 1996. The state and sexuality in New Order Indonesia. In L.J. Sears (Ed.), Fantasizing the feminine in Indonesia (pp. 92-119). London: Duke University Press.

Swestin, G. 2009. Behind the Cinematic Renaissance: the Origins of the New Indonesian Cinema from a Film-Historical Perspective. (Master‘s Thesis, Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines)

Trimarsanto, T. 7 April 2002. Personalitas perempuan sutradara. Retrieved 18 May, 2006, from http://www.sinarharapan.co.id/hiburan/budaya/2002/074/ bud2. html

Widodo, A. 2002. Consuming passions: Million of Indonesian must watch soap operas. Retrieved August 17, 2003, from http://www.insideindonesia.org/edit72/ Theme%20-%20Amrih.htm


Full Text: PDF

The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University. It available online supported by Directorate General of Higher Education - Ministry of National Education - Republic of Indonesia.

©All right reserved 2016.Scriptura, ISSN: 1978-385X

free web stats
View My Stats




Copyright © Research Center Web-Dev Team