STUDI EKSPLORASI SISTEM SIARAN TELEVISI BERJARINGAN DI INDONESIA

K.B. Primasanti




Abstract


Television networking system is not a new theme in broadcasting. For some years, television networking system has been applied in many countries. Nowadays, Indonesia also has a willingness to apply television networking system. It is legalized trough it’s broadcasting law no 32/ 2002. Unfortunately, until two periods of waiting, this regulation has not been implemented yet. Many factors are potential to be the causes of this problem; so it is a must to explore the term of television networking system and the implementation in Indonesia in order to give a mental picture about television networking system. This exploration study has explored the term of television networking system and it’s application in Indonesia by refers to America’s and British’s as earlier country which have implemented television networking system. Trough this exploration, television networking system has been mapped into the definition: the crucial characters it has and the aspects which support it’s growth. Trough the economic politic media perspective, this study has also mapped the strengths and the weaknesses of television networking system in Indonesia. This study conclude that although there must be many factors to be prepared before the implementation of television networking system, it is still possible to implement it in Indonesia trough many alternatives adjusted to our nation condition in the perspective of democtratization.


Keywords


eksploration; system; network

References


Abramson, Bram Dov. Media Policy After Regulation. Baran, Stanley J. 2004. Introduction to Mass Communication: Media Literacy and Culture (3rd edition). USA: McGrawHill.

Bardoel, Joe dan Leen d’Haenens. Media Meet The Citizen: Beyond Market Mechanism and Government Regulation

Becker, Samuel L dan Churchill R. Roberts. 1992. Discovering Mass Communication (3rd edition). USA: Harper Collins Publishers.

Black, Jay dan Frederick C. Whitney. 1988. Intrtoduction to Mass Communiaction Second Edition. USA: Wm. C. Brown Publishers.

Bittner, John R. 1980. Broadcasting and Telecommunication. Third Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall

Bittner, John R. 1985. Mass Communication: An Introduction. Third Edition. USA: Prentice-Hall

Bittner, John R. 1991. Mass Communication: An Introduction. Fourth Edition. USA: Prentice-Hall

Browne, Donald R. Comparing Broadcasting Systems: The Experiences of Six Industrialized Nations. USA: Iowa State University Press.

Croteau, David dan William Hoynes. 2001. The Bussiness of Media: Corporate Media and the Public Interest. London & New Delhi: Pine Forge Press.

DeFleur, Melvin L dan Everette E Dennis. 1985. Understanding Mass Communication (Second Edition). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company

Dominick, Joseph R. 1983. The Dynamic of Mass Communication. New York: Newbery Award Records, Inc.

Dyson, Kenneth, et al. 1990. Broadcasting and New Media Policies in Western Europe: A Comparative Study of Technological Change and Public Policies. London & New York: Routledge.

Eastman, Susan Tyler, Lewis Klein, dan Sydney W. Head. 1985. Broadcasting/ Cable Prograrmming: Strategies and Practices. Second Edition. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Gulo, W. 2003. Metodologi Penelitian. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

Hallin, Daniel C. dan Paolo Mancini. 20004. Comparing Media System: Three Models of Media and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hamad, Ibnu, et all. 2005. Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Komunikasi “Thesis”. Vol. IV/ No 1, Januari-April. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia.

Hart, Jeffrey A. 2004. Technology, Television and Competition. California: Cambridge.

Head, Sydney W dan Christopher Sterling. 1987. Broadcasting in America: A Survey of Electronic Media (5th edition). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Hiebert, Ungurait, Bohn. 1974. Mass Media IV: An Introduction to Modern Communication. Newyork&London: Longman.

Ishadi. 1999. Dunia Penyiaran: Prospek dan Tantangannya. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Janowski, Gene E.F dan David C Fuchs. 1995. Television: Today and Tomorrow. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.

Jensen, Klaus Bruhn dan Nicholas W. Jankowski (Ed.). 1991. A Handbook of Qualitative Methodologies for Mass Communication Research. USA and Canada: Routledge.

Jones, Paul. The Best of Both Worlds: Freedom of Communication and 'Positive' Broadcasting Regulation.

Kellner, Douglas. 1990. Television and The Crisis of Democracy. USA: Westview Press, Inc.

Kuswandi, Wawan. 1996. Komunikasi Massa: Sebuah Analisis Media Televisi. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Masduki. 2003. Radio Siaran dan Demokrasi. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Jendela.

Mas’oed, Mohtar. 1999. Negara, Kapital dan Demokrasi. Jogjakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

McNair, Brian. 1995. An Introduction to Political Communication. London and New York: Routledge.

McQuail, Denis dan Sven Windahl. 1993. Communication Models for The Study of Mass Communication. Singapore: Longman Sinagpore Publishers (Pte) Ltd.

Meyer, Thomas dan Lew Hinchman. 2002. Media Democaracy: How the Media Colonize Politics. USA: Blackwell Publishing Inc.

Moleong, Lexy J. 1988. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Depdikbud, Direktorat Jendral Dikti, Proyek Pengembangan Lembaga Pendidikan Tenaga Kependidikan, Jakarta.

Mufid, Muhamad. 2005. Komunikasi dan Regulasi Penyiaran. Jakarta: Kencana

Neuman, Lawrence W. 2000. Social research Method. (Fourth edition). USA: Allyn and Bacon.

Newcomb, Horance. 2000. Television: The Critical View. Sixth Edition. New York: Oxford University Press

Nurtjahjo, Hendra. 2006. Filsafat Demokrasi. Jakarta: PT Bumi Aksara.

Nurudin. 2004. Sistem Komunikasi Indonesia. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada.

O’ Malley, Tom. 1994. Closedown: The BBC and Government Broadcasting Policy 1979-92. London: Pluto Press.

Orlik, Peter B. 1992. The Electronic Media. USA: Allyn and Bacon.

Panjaitan, Hinca. 1999. Memasung Televisi: Kontroversi Penyiaran di Era Orde Baru. Institut Studi Arus Informasi.

Panuju, Redi. 1997. Sistem Komunikasi Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Pember, Don R. 1992. Mass Media in America (6th edition). New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Prajarto, Nunung. ed. 2006. Media Komunikasi: Siapa Mengorbankan Siapa.

Putra, I G Ngurah. 1990. laporan Penelitian: Televisi sebagai Media Komunikasi dan Karakteristik Penontonnya. Jogjakarta: Jurusan Ilmu Komunikasi, Fisipol, UGM.

Rayner, Robert M. 1947. British Democracy: An Introduction to Citizenship. London: Longmans, Green and Co.

Sayoga, Budi. 1991. Studi Literatur tentang Pengetahuan Media Massa. Jogjakarta: Jurusan Ilmu Komunikasi, Fisipol, UGM.

Siregar, Ashadi. 2001. Menyingkap Media Penyiaran: Membaca Televisi, Melihat Radio. Jogjakarta: LP3Y

Sisk, Timothy D. 2001. Democracy at The Lokal Level. Sweden: IDEA

Sudibyo, Agus. 2004. Ekonomi Politik Media Penyiaran. Jogjakarta: LKiS

Summers, Harrison B., Summers Robert E dan John H Pennybacker. 1978. Broadcasting and The Public. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Vivian, John. 2002. The Media of Mass Communication. Sixth Edition. Allyn and Bacon

Wahyudi, J.B. 1994. Dasar-Dasar Manajemen Penyiaran. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Wahyuni, Hermin Indah. 2000. Televisi dan Intervensi Negara. Jogjakarta: Media Pressindo

Wells, Alan (Ed.). 1972. Mass Media and Society. California: National Press Books

Zaman, Budhy Komarul. 1994. Laporan Penelitian Posisi Televisi di Tengah Masyarakat. Jogjakarta: Jurusan Ilmu Komunikasi, Fisipol, UGM.

Undang-Undang No 32 Tahun 2002 tentang Penyiaran

Peraturan Pemerintah No 50 Tahun 2005 tentang Penyelenggaraan Penyiaran Lembaga Penyiaran Swasta

Rancangan Peraturan Komisi Penyiaran Indonesia Tentang Sistem stasiun berjaringan Lembaga penyiaran Swasta Jasa Penyiaran Televisi

Proposal Sistem Siaran Berjaringan (Komisi Penyiaran Indonesia)

Hikmarani, Challida Noor Septina. 2007. Studi Eksplorasi Tentang Penyiaran Publik. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Fisipol UGM.

Hadi, Wirastomo. 2005. Dinamika Pengelolaan Stasiun Penyiaran TV Lokal oleh Pemerintah: Studi Kasus Dinamika Pengelolaan Agropolitan Televisi oleh Dinas Infokompus Kota Batu, Jawa Timur. Yogyakarta: Jurusan Ilmu Komunikasi, Fisipol, UGM.

Putra, I Gusti Ngurah. 1992. Laporan Penelitian Pustaka Sistem Siaran untuk Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Jurusan Ilmu Komunikasi, Fisipol, UGM.


Full Text: PDF

The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University. It available online supported by Directorate General of Higher Education - Ministry of National Education - Republic of Indonesia.

©All right reserved 2016.Scriptura, ISSN: 1978-385X

free web stats
View My Stats




Copyright © Research Center Web-Dev Team